The agricultural town of Calauan derived its name from the Filipino term "kalawang" which means rust. It was claimed that for centuries, lumps of rust surfaced and drifted gently on a body of water called Makalawang Spring located about three kilometers from the town proper.
Another interesting story on how Calauan got its name tells of a village west of the town where an old man found a cross made of stone. Since this was during the early part of Spanish sovereignty and that Christianity was being introduced in the country and in the town, the people of Calauan held a mass at the spot where the cross was found. It was believed that during the celebration, water sprang out where the cross was found. The water was yellowish and rusty. To commemorate this mysterious happening, a church was built on the site.
Soon over the centuries, the village had grown larger and more populated. Composed mainly of farmers, the people chose to honor San Isidro Labrador and San Roque as their patron saints.
Lying in the central part of Laguna, Calauan is bounded on the north by Laguna Bay, on the south by San Pablo City, on the east by Nagcarlan, and on the west by Bay.
The town is 75 kilometers from Manila, 21 kilometers from the province's capital, Sta. Cruz, and a scant 5 kilometers from its neighboring town Bay.
Calauan can be reached by bus coming from Manila via Calamba.
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