There was a legend that during the early days of the Spanish occupation, a guardia civil, while making his tour of duty in what is now known the town of Calamba, met a young woman who had just been to a nearby river carrying a jar of water. The guard asked the woman for the name of the place. In her confusion, the woman answered, "Kalang-banga," then scurried away. Since then the town has been called Calamba. To immortalize the town's legend, a big concrete jar was constructed in the town plaza with the names of the barrios inscribed around it.
During the Spanish period, Calamba was just a part of what is now the town of Cabuyao. The first group of people was said to have settled in the barrio of Sucol, about six kilometers from the Calamba town proper. The year 1770 marked the creation of the town of Calamba.
Calamba hugs the coast of the southern tip of Laguna Bay and lies at the foot of Mt. Makiling. It is bounded on the east by Laguna Bay, on the north by Cabuyao, on the south by Los Baņos, on the west by Sto. Tomas, Batangas.
Only 54 kilometers from Manila, Calamba can be reached via South Expressway. It serves as the gateway towards the south, particularly to the provinces of Batangas, Quezon, and Bicol region.
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